The process of describing and recording an artifact's many attributes.
Artifacts that are modeled or molded from clay and then made durable by firing.
In archeology, a horizon is a pattern characterized by widespread distribution of a complex of cultural traits that lasts a relatively short time.
Factors that might create the pattern of a horizon would include a rapid military conquest or effective religious mission. The position in which an archeological object is first uncovered during an excavation or survey.
Science by which archeologists incorporate geomorphological studies to gain an understanding of what earlier landforms were like, where sites potentially may be located, and insights regarding prehistoric raw material availability, site formation processes, and landscape history.
Relative dating technique used by geologists to develop dates for various geological stages by relating them to other climactic and geologic events.
Natural remains, such as those of wild and domesticated animals and plants, that are found in the archeological record.
Often compliance refers to work done to satisfy requirements of Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, as amended, or comparable state laws.
Measures taken to prolong the life of an object or document and its associated data as long as possible in its original form.
Sciences such as geology, evolutionary biology and archeology that deal with past events that no longer can be directly observed or replicated, although the evidence they left behind can be studied to reconstruct what took place.
Ties and uniformity across space at a single point in time.
Distortion could result from processes such as landfilling, dumping, a landslide or other earth movement.