In the past, there was a drawbridge to allow access to the city.The city wall of Xian is the most complete city wall still existing in China. The name "Yellow Crane" derives from an ancient legend that an immortal mounted a yellow crane at this site and then flew away. Long ago a man rode off on a yellow crane, all that remains here is Yellow Crane Tower.During the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the textile industry flourished in Ningpo which is a port city in Zhejiang Province on the east coast of China.Ningpo is surrounded on three sides by mountains with a fertile plain in the middle which makes it ideal for growing cotton.True paper money became a major form of currency during the Northern Song Dynasty (960-1127) with the issuance of the Jiao Zi (交子) and Qian Yin (钱引), and paper currency then continued under the Southern Song Dynasty (1127-1279) which issued the Hui Zi () and Guan Zi (关子).
The city wall stands 12 meters (40 feet) high and has a total length of 13.7 kms (8.5 miles).
During the late Qing Dynasty, the government as well as private banks issued various paper notes denominated in silver dollars, cash coins and (machine-made copper coins 铜元).
This was the beginning of the issuance of modern currency in China which then expanded greatly following the 1911 Revolution and during the Republican Period.
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The wall is 15-18 meters (50-60 feet) in width at the base tapering to 12-14 meters (40-46 feet) at the top.