The new model suggests that fossils such as the Kabwe Skull (Broken Hill, Kabwe, Zambia) have a dose underestimation of approximately 30%.
This study provides, for the first time, a precise, accurate and comprehensive model for virtually non- destructive direct dating of fossil remains using a combination of two key geochronological techniques, ESR and U-series.
SCU Postdoctoral Fellowship Renaud Joannes-Boyau To understand human evolution, archaeologists require precise chronologies so as to compare and contrast fossil collections.
To minimise the impact of direct dating on valuable and oftentimes fragile archaeological samples, new methods and protocols for non-destructive U-Th and ESR analyses are being developed and investigated.
Dating studies on paleoanthropological sites are usually carried out on material associated with the hominin remains, such as the sediment, charcoal or other fauna rather than the hominin specimen itself.
This approach is, in many cases, not satisfactory because the relationship between the associated materials and the specimen is often uncertain.
Since the beginning of archaeology, new fossil hominid finds have constantly reshaped our understanding of the human journey.
The study capitalises on the recent breakthrough from the combined ESR/U-series dating techniques applied to key archaeological sites for understanding human evolution.
This review gives an introduction to these methods in the context of dating human bones and teeth.
Recent advances in ultrafiltration techniques have expanded the dating range of radiocarbon…
In this research, novel measuring protocols and analytical decomposition of ESR spectra have provided new insights into the composite nature of the signal.
The development of a comprehensive model describing the influence of several oriented and non- oriented CO – radicals in the spectra with complex kinetics and transfer processes has shown that frequent underestimation can be expected for most fossil tooth enamel ages.
Both methods were seriously compromised by the fact that teeth accumulate large amounts of uranium following their deposition in sediments.