Cameroon's coastline lies on the Bight of Biafra, part of the Gulf of Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean.
French and English are the official languages of Cameroon.
The country has experienced tensions coming from the English-speaking territories.
Under the influence of Germany, commercial companies were left to regulate local administrations.
The highest point at almost 4,100 metres (13,500 ft) is Mount Cameroon in the Southwest Region of the country, and the largest cities in population-terms are Douala on the Wouri river, its economic capital and main seaport, Yaoundé, its political capital, and Garoua.
The country is well known for its native styles of music, particularly makossa and bikutsi, and for its successful national football team.
These concessions used forced labour of the Africans to make a profit.
The labour was used on banana, rubber, palm oil, and cocoa plantations.
Fulani soldiers founded the Adamawa Emirate in the north in the 19th century, and various ethnic groups of the west and northwest established powerful chiefdoms and fondoms.