A number of studies have looked exclusively at adolescent's internalizing, externalizing, and PTSD symptoms, with a range of findings.In a child welfare population, psychological maltreatment, as opposed to experiencing or witnessing physical or sexual assault, had the most profound effect on youth's internalizing and externalizing behaviors; witnessing family violence had a modest effect only for boys.Adolescents, especially girls, are at increased risk for STIs, including HIV, as a result of coercive and violent sex.Sexual coercion is associated with having multiple sexual partners, unprotected sex, alcohol and/or drug use before sex, substance use, and STIs (From a public health perspective, primary prevention of IPV is desirable, although most of the available research focuses on the health care response to the survivors of IPV, both while a woman is still exposed to abuse (secondary prevention) and when she is experiencing the long-term health problems associated with IPV (tertiary prevention).IPV is defined as emotional, physical, or sexual abuse, or stalking that occurs among individuals in an intimate (close) relationship including current and former spouses and dating partners.IPV is also commonly known as domestic violence, wife abuse, or when referring to adolescents and young adults, as .The chapter will conclude with some of the challenges that will need to be addressed to further social epidemiologic IPV research.
The impact of witnessing violence was significant only for males and had no impact on the well-being or behavior of females.
It was proposed that alcohol use may be used in conjunction with IPV as part of a sexual control process to obtain sex against a woman’s consent.
These findings, and those reported previously regarding ].
Much of the internal tension experienced by adolescents is evidenced in increasingly conflicted relationships with parents as adolescents strive to achieve independence and cement important new relationships.
Researchers interested in the effect of domestic violence on children have studied adolescents less frequently than younger children; because adolescents are forging new relationships and becoming ever more involved in a world wider than the family.
Current estimates in the United States suggest that approximately 50% of sexual assault cases involving adolescents and young adults involve alcohol consumption ( reported on alcohol use, IPV, and sexual coercion and HIV among 3,422 Ugandan women in adolescence and early young adulthood.